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Knee Pain

Knee Pain

  • FUNCTION

    • The knee joint's main function is to bend and carry the body weight with
      the help of ankles and hips. In order to perform all the twisting, turning
      and carrying the bodyweight the knee relies on a number of structures
      including bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. The knee is easily
      injured because it’s one of the most complex joints in the body. The knee
      consists of the intersection of four bones, four ligaments, several
      tendons, two menisci, and cartilage.
      People of all age groups face the problem of knee pain.
  • CAUSES

    • Knee pain can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease. Some
      examples are heavy physical activity, lack of use, sprains or strains,
      sitting in a constrained area or sitting on knees for a prolonged period.
      Physical conditions or diseases can cause knee pain. These include:
      1.Osteoarthritis: pain, inflammation, and joint destruction caused by
      degeneration and deterioration of the joint.
      2.Tendinitis: pain in the front of the knee that is even worse when
      climbing or taking stairs.
      3.Bursitis: inflammation caused by repeated overuse or injury of the
      knee.
      4.Chondromalacia patella: damaged cartilage under the kneecap.
      5.Gout: arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid.
      6.Baker’s cyst: a buildup of synovial fluid (fluid that lubricates the joint)
      behind the knee.
      7.Rheumatoid arthritis (RA): a chronic autoimmune inflammatory
      disorder that causes painful swelling and can eventually cause joint
      deformity and bone erosion.
      8.Dislocation: dislocation of the kneecap most often the result of trauma.

               9.Meniscus tear: a rupture in one or more of the cartilage in the knee.
              10.Torn ligament: tear in one of the four ligaments in the knee — the
                                most commonly injured ligament is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).
              


  • TREATMENT

    • To minimize the effect of pain some physical therapies and knee braces
      etc. are used. But if the pain persists and is severe then surgical repair is
      required.
      There are various types of knee repair surgeries:
      1.Arthroscopy for Trimming a Torn Meniscus
      2.Meniscus Repair
      3.Lateral Release
      4.Plica Excision
      5.Meniscus Transplant
      6.ACL Reconstruction
      7.Microfracture
      8.Patellar/Quadriceps Tendon Repair
      9.Partial Knee Replacement
      10.Knee Replacement Surgery



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