Dr. Manish Ladhania
13 Oct 2018
The knee joint's main function is to bend and carry the body weight with
the help of ankles and hips. In order to perform all the twisting, turning
and carrying the bodyweight the knee relies on a number of structures
including bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. The knee is easily
injured because it’s one of the most complex joints in the body. The knee
consists of the intersection of four bones, four ligaments, several
tendons, two menisci, and cartilage.
People of all age groups face the problem of knee pain.
Knee pain can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease. Some
examples are heavy physical activity, lack of use, sprains or strains,
sitting in a constrained area or sitting on knees for a prolonged period.
Physical conditions or diseases can cause knee pain. These include:
1.Osteoarthritis: pain, inflammation, and joint destruction caused by
degeneration and deterioration of the joint.
2.Tendinitis: pain in the front of the knee that is even worse when
climbing or taking stairs.
3.Bursitis: inflammation caused by repeated overuse or injury of the
4.Chondromalacia patella: damaged cartilage under the kneecap.
5.Gout: arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid.
6.Baker’s cyst: a buildup of synovial fluid (fluid that lubricates the joint)
behind the knee.
7.Rheumatoid arthritis (RA): a chronic autoimmune inflammatory
disorder that causes painful swelling and can eventually cause joint
deformity and bone erosion.
8.Dislocation: dislocation of the kneecap most often the result of trauma.
9.Meniscus tear: a rupture in one or more of the cartilage in the knee.
10.Torn ligament: tear in one of the four ligaments in the knee — the
most commonly injured ligament is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).
To minimize the effect of pain some physical therapies and knee braces
etc. are used. But if the pain persists and is severe then surgical repair is
There are various types of knee repair surgeries:
1.Arthroscopy for Trimming a Torn Meniscus
8.Patellar/Quadriceps Tendon Repair
9.Partial Knee Replacement
10.Knee Replacement Surgery