Arthroscopy is the most common form of orthopedic surgery carried out as a diagnosis of previously treated joints or to treat various problems with joints.
Arthroscopy is the procedure that is least invasive in nature since only a small incision in the skin allows the surgeon to diagnose the joint very easily.
Arthroscopy is carried out mostly on knees, shoulders, ankles, elbows, hips, and wrists.
When all kinds of scan and tests fail to diagnose the cause of the persistent pain, swelling or stiffness in joints that is when Arthroscopy is used. It is extremely helpful in the quick diagnosis of the injury caused due to a number of reasons or due to some diseases like osteoporosis or osteoarthritis.
Its applications have a diverse range like Damage repair of cartilages, removal of loose fragments or bones, treating the temporomandibular disorder (TMD), arthritis, frozen shoulder, carpal tunnel syndrome.
Although arthroscopy is a very basic and quick procedure, first of all, you are checked whether you are fit for the surgery, then you'll be given general anesthesia so that you don't feel any pain, in some cases local anesthesia might also be used.
Now the skin over the affected area is being sterilized properly and a very small cut is made so as to insert the instrument called an Arthroscopy which is a thin tube made of non-reactive metal with a light and a camera attached on the top of it.
After the insertion, another small cut is made to let other surgical instruments in than this area is filled with a sterile fluid to increase viability.
Now, the arthroscopy doctor will treat or diagnose the damaged tissues, bones or joints with the help of various probes inserted.
The entire procedure takes up to 30 minutes to 2 hours depending on the level of complexity.
After the surgery is successfully completed, the arthroscope is removed with all the other instruments and the cut is stitched to wrap it with a sterile dressing.